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By Mark Stein

Mark Stein is a playwright and screenwriter. His performs were played off-Broadway and at theaters in the course of the nation. His movies comprise Housesitter, with Steve Martin and Goldie Hawn. He has taught at American college and Catholic college.

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From 160 H OW T H E nation S move T TH E IR SH A PES 1820 Missouri Missouri i ss Mi iss ipp FIG. 104 Missouri ss Mi Missouri 1837 iss ipp i extra Land Annexed to Missouri the viewpoint of northern congressmen, may still the Missouri Compromise ever turn into void (and in time it did), the fewer room there will be for extra slave states. whereas Congress had combined feelings approximately Missouri, it had no feelings approximately Indians, as is obvious within the treaty that the Sac and Fox finally signed in 1836: Now, we the chiefs, braves, and relevant males of the Sac and Fox tribes of Indians, absolutely knowing the topic, and good chuffed from the neighborhood place of the lands in query, that they could by no means be made to be had for Indian reasons, and that an try to position an Indian inhabitants on them needs to unavoidably result in collisions with the electorate of the USA; and extra believing that the extension of the kingdom line within the course indicated, may have a contented influence, by means of proposing a ordinary boundary among the whites and Indians; and, keen in addition, to offer the us a renewed facts of our attachment and friendship, do hereby, for ourselves, and on behalf of our respective tribes perpetually cede . . . the lands mendacity among the kingdom of Missouri and the Missouri river. M I S S OU RI 161 President Martin Van Buren in a timely fashion proclaimed the land a part of Missouri, giving the nation the western border it has this day. Missouri’s Northern Border whereas Missouri’s southern border has turn into, traditionally, its bestknown border, its northern border was once initially the resource of the main passionate debate. The northern border of Missouri used to be marked off through surveyor John C. Sullivan in 1816. Sullivan’s line ran due north from the juncture of the Kansas and Missouri rivers for a distance of a hundred miles, forming a western border. It then grew to become east, forming the northern border, finishing on the Des Moines River. 5 years later, while Congress created the nation of Missouri, it distinct a straight-line northern border resembling that surveyed by way of Sullivan. other than Sullivan’s line wasn’t instantly. It veered northward at its jap finish. whilst the Iowa Territory got here into being in 1838, it puzzled this discrepancy. Missouri maintained it was once an adjustment to house the line’s western finish, a hundred miles north of the Kansas and Missouri river juncture, and its jap finish, “the rapids of the river Des Moines” (a word utilized in Indian treaties that have been written after Sullivan had surveyed his line). Iowa used to be skeptical. For something, there have been no rapids within the Des Moines River. (See determine 70, in IOWA. ) And who, Iowa questioned, had licensed Sullivan to survey this line? the reply surfaced in 1838, whilst Iowa requested the government to enquire. (For the main points, visit IOWA. ) finally, the U. S. ultimate courtroom governed at the dispute. The court docket famous that the line’s origins and execution have been below the easiest. yet in the meanwhile, a variety of Indian treaties were concluded that used this border, in addition to parts of land that were deeded within the zone by means of the kingdom of Missouri.

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